So These Results Are Somewhat Inconsistent With Previous Results; However, They Are Not Entirely Surprising, Aloise-young Said, Since Teens Have Different Views Of Smokers And Drinkers. There Is An Important Caveat, However, She Said.

Although in England, the findings indicate that drinking is higher for students with higher academic standing, in the United States, researchers typically find the opposite result in high school but the same result for college-age teens: That is, American college students consume more alcohol than their non-college peers, she explained. “So these results are somewhat inconsistent with previous results; however, they are not entirely surprising,” Aloise-Young said, since teens “have different views of smokers and drinkers.” “There is an important caveat, however,” she said. The new study indicates that students with lower academic standing have higher levels of hazardous drinking, and this “is very important,” despite the fact that the study authors do not focus on it. “From a public health perspective, hazardous drinking is more likely to result in negative consequences such as driving while intoxicated, alcohol-related crimes and injuries and unwanted sexual encounters,” Aloise-Young said. According to Dolores Cimini, a psychologist and assistant director for prevention and program evaluation at the University at Albany’s substance abuse counseling center , “a strength of the study was that it was conducted on a very large sample of young people.” However, the fact that the study relied on self-reports and interviews means there might be issues “related to accuracy of recollections.” Cimini noted that recent studies conducted in the United States also note declining trends in substance use among teens. However, there’s still cause for concern since several studies indicate a relationship between substance use during the late teens and education. The effects of excessive drinking and/or drug use tend to “accumulate over time,” she said. “Initially, disengagement related to substance use is manifested by spending less time studying and skipping classes,” Cimini said. “As students become more disengaged…

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